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Millennialism, End Times, and the Reign of Christ (Part 02) - The Kingdom of God-Heaven

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For a master copy of the outline, click here: Millennialism

5. The setting up of the millennial kingdom and the reign of Christ on David's throne.
A. The kingdom of God/heaven was set up by Christ at His first coming.
i. The kingdom of God was prophesied in the book of Daniel to come in the days of the Roman Empire.
a. Nebuchadnezzar, the king of Babylon, had a dream in which he saw a great image with a head of gold, breast and arms of silver, belly and thighs of brass, and legs of iron and feet part iron and part clay (Dan 2:31-33).
b. In the dream a stone cut out without hands smote the image in the feet and broke them in pieces, destroying the entire image, and then the stone became a great mountain that filled the earth (Dan 2:34-35).
c. Daniel's interpretation was as follows:
d. Nebuchadnezzar and the kingdom of Babylon were the head of gold (Dan 2:37-38).
e. After Babylon another kingdom would arise, which scripturally and historically is known to be the kingdom of the Medo-Persian empire (Dan 2:39 c/w Dan 5:28-31).
f. After the Medo-Persian kingdom another kingdom would arise, which scripturally and historically is known to be the Grecian empire (Dan 2:39 c/w Dan 8:20-21).
g. After the Grecian kingdom another kingdom would arise, which historically is known to be the Roman empire (Dan 2:40-43).
h. In the days of the fourth kingdom (the Roman empire) the God of heaven would set up a kingdom which would never be destroyed, but would break in pieces and consume all the kingdoms and would stand forever (Dan 2:44).
ii. The kingdom came right on time.
a. In the days of the Roman empire (Luk 3:1-3), John the Baptist and Jesus came preaching that the kingdom of heaven (Mat 3:1-2; Mat 4:17) and the kingdom of God (Mar 1:15) were "at hand."
b. At hand - Within easy reach; near; close by.
c. Jesus said that "the time is fulfilled" (Mar 1:15); the days of the Roman empire were present and the promised kingdom was within easy reach.
d. As a letter fulfillment of the prophesy of Daniel which said that "the God of heaven [would] set up a kingdom" (Dan 2:44), the kingdom was called the kingdom of God and the kingdom of heaven (Mat 4:17 c/w Mar 1:15).
e. There is absolutely NO DOUBT that the kingdom of God was set up at the first coming of Christ (Luk 11:20).
iii. The kingdom of God and the kingdom of heaven are the same thing.
a. The phrase "kingdom of heaven" is exclusively used in the Matthew's gospel.
b. The phrase "kingdom of God" is used a few times in Matthew and John, and extensively in Mark and Luke.
c. A simple comparison of parallel verses in Matthew, Mark, and Luke show beyond question that the kingdom of heaven and the kingdom of God are interchangeable terms. For example:
(i) The mystery of the kingdom of heaven/God (Mat 13:11 c/w Mar 4:11 c/w Luk 8:10).
(ii) The parable of the mustard seed (Mat 13:31-32 c/w Mar 4:30-31 c/w Luk 13:18-19).
(iii) The parable of the leaven (Mat 13:33 c/w Luk 13:20-21).
(iv) It is obvious that these are two different names for the same kingdom: God is in heaven; therefore it is called the kingdom of God and the kingdom of heaven.
(v) If it was suspected that these were two different kingdoms, the fact that they are described identically in parallel passages demands that they are the same kingdom.
(vi) Things that are both equal to something are equal to each other.
(vii) This is a classic "double horn" argument, in that it proves that the kingdom of God and the kingdom of heaven are the same kingdom, whether it is at first conceded that the terms are synonymous, or whether they are at first held to be two different kingdoms which are then shown to be identical.
d. Matthew himself uses the terms interchangeably (Mat 19:23-24).
e. Also compare Mat 19:23-24 with (Mar 10:23-25 c/w Luk 18:24-25).
iv. The kingdom of God is not an earthly, material kingdom.
a. The kingdom of God/heaven is not material, but spiritual (Luk 17:20-21).
b. Jesus' kingdom is not of this world (Joh 18:36).
c. The Jews wanted to make Jesus an earthly king and He ran from it (Joh 6:15).
v. The kingdom of God is the church.
a. The prophecy of the kingdom of God in Daniel stated that the stone that smote the Roman empire became a great mountain and filled the whole earth (Dan 2:34-35).
(i) Jesus Christ is the stone that shattered the Roman empire (Mat 21:42-44 c/w Psa 2:6-9).
(ii) The great mountain the stone became is the kingdom of God (Dan 2:34-35 c/w Dan 2:44).
b. Jesus built the church upon Himself, the chief corner stone (Mat 16:18 c/w Eph 2:20-22).
(i) The church is called Mount Sion (Heb 12:22-23).
(ii) Therefore, the church is the kingdom of God which is the great mountain which fills the whole earth.
c. The church will never be destroyed (the gates of hell shall not prevail against it) (Mat 16:18).
(i) There will be glory given to God in the church by Christ Jesus throughout all ages, world without end (Eph 3:21).
(ii) Therefore, the church is the kingdom of God which shall never be destroyed (Dan 2:44 c/w Heb 12:28).
d. The kingdom of God is entered into by baptism (Luk 7:29-30 c/w Mat 21:31-32; Luk 16:16).
(i) The church is entered into be baptism (Act 2:41).
(ii) Therefore, the church is the kingdom of God.
e. The apostles ate and drank at Jesus' table in His kingdom (Luk 22:29-30).
(i) The Lord's table is the communion table which is found in the church (1Co 10:16,21).
(ii) The Lord's supper (eating and drinking with Jesus) is the communion service which is observed in the church (1Co 11:20,23-25).
(iii) Therefore, the church is the kingdom of God where we eat and drink with Jesus at His table.

For a master copy of the outline, click here: Millennialism